KEY POINTS

  • As of 2018, the female portion of the Polish labor force (45%) is similar to the percentage in Western nations such as the US (46%), the UK (46.5%), and Germany (46.7%).

  • Although Polish women are active in all sectors of the national economy, they overwhelmingly value health (90.7%) and family (84.6%) over work (12.2%), according to a 2017 study.

  • On average, Polish women retire 5 years earlier than men (2019); however, the average Polish female lives almost 8 years longer than the average male (2019).


BUSINESSWOMEN

  • 41.8% of all managerial posts in Poland are held by women (2018). Women comprise 7% of Polish CEOs (2017). The number of Polish women running their own businesses has also risen steadily. 30.3% of all business owners in Poland are women (2018).
     

  • Compared to only 3.3% in Germany, nearly every tenth Polish woman runs her own business (2018).
     


DOCTORS & NURSES

  • There is a significant shortage of physicians in Poland and as of 2018, roughly 48% of Poland’s practicing physicians are female. Also, approximately 82.6% of nurses in Poland are female (2016).


LAWYERS

  • As of 2018, about 53.8% of attorneys and legal counselors (radcy prawni) are women.


TEACHERS

  • As of April 2019, approximately 82% of Poland’s 400,000 teachers are women.


INDUSTRY & TECHNOLOGY

  • 11% of Poles employed in mining are women (2019), as are 17.3% of industry workers (2017), and 23% of workers in the energy and heating sector (2018).
     

  • 10.2% of Polish computer programmers are female (2017).
     

  • In spite of a record number of IT employees in Poland, there is a huge demand for IT professionals and the IT service market in Poland is growing 4 to 5 times faster than the global average (2019). The number of women studying the field, 13% (2017) in Poland vs. 17.2% (2018) in the EU generally, is not keeping pace with sector growth and demand.


WAGE GAP

  • As of 2019, the general wage gap in Poland of 5% (2019) is much lower than the EU average of 16% (2017). That said, the gender wage gap in managerial positions is 27.7% (2017), 4.3% higher than the EU average.


SEEKING WORK-FAMILY BALANCE

  • In 2018, the Polish workforce consisted of 55% men and 45% women.
     

  • Many Polish women have expressed a preference for more flexible/part-time work schedules and/or the option to work from home (2017).


RETIREMENT & LIFE EXPECTANCY 

  • As of 2018, the retirement ages in Poland are 65 for men and 60 for women.
     

  • Women have a longer life expectancy: 81.66 years for women versus 73.75 for men (in 2019). In 1990, the difference was 75.2 versus 66.2. This demonstrates the dramatic increase in life expectancy for both genders after the implosion of communism.